Bed bug removal in NJ. Everyone knows that bed bugs are annoying and gross and that bed bug bites can be painful, but what is much more difficult is to know how to get rid of bed bugs. In this article, you will find out all about bed bugs and their habits as well as how to remove bed bugs, how to get rid of bed bug, and how to prevent future infestations by bed bugs.
Bed Bug Removal In NJ – How to Recognize Bed Bugs by Appearance
There are several species of bed bugs, all of them closely related member of the family Cimicidae, but the species of bed bug most commonly found in the United States is Cimex lectularius, which is also known as the common bed bug. Adult bed bugs are about 4 mm long and 2 mm wide, and their color ranges from brown to red. Because a bed bug’s diet is made up almost entirely of human blood, the redder a bed bug appears, the more recently it has eaten. Adult bed bugs do not need to feed very often, and their color fades to light brown gradually, the more time has passed since the bed bug has eaten. The body of an adult bed bug is shaped like an oval, and the body has segments. Whereas most species of insects have two sets of wings, one pair of wings in the front, and another pair in the back, the common bed bug does not have any functional wings; bed bugs cannot fly. Bed bugs do not have any hind wings at all, and instead of front wings, they just have little stumps which do not enable them to fly.
Like other species of insects, bed bugs go through a larva stage. Bed bug larvae, known as nymphs, look very different from adult bed bugs. A lot of people describe a bed bug nymph as looking like an apple seed, and it is true that a bed bug nymph is about the same shape as an apple seed. When a bed bug nymph first emerges from its egg, its body is translucent; as the nymph ages, its color gradually becomes darker as it ages, until it reaches its adult color of brown. A hungry bed bug nymph has a translucent belly, but when it has just had a meal of blood, its belly turns bright red. Over the next several hours after the bed bug nymph has eaten, the color of the nymph’s belly gradually darkens first to brown and then to black. At the time that the bed bug nymph first emerges from its egg, it is about the size of the head of a pin. Thus, the apple seed description is appropriate for the shape of a bed bug nymph, but it is not an accurate way to describe its size, because a newly hatched bed bug nymph is a lot smaller than even the smallest apple seed.
Bed Bug Control NJ – All About Bed Bug Behavior: Where Bed Bugs Live, What They Eat, and What They Do
The camouflage friendly color of bed bugs, and the small size of the bed bug nymphs means that it can be hard to see them when they are on certain surfaces. Bed bugs tend to gather in cracks on the surfaces of household items. You will very often find bed bugs and their larvae concentrated near the corners and seams of mattresses, which is why they have come to be called bed bugs. A bed bug’s second favorite hideout, after bedroom mattresses, is probably couches, and you will find them gathered around internal corners of couches or near the seams of couch cushions. They also like to hang out in similar parts of easy chairs that are upholstered similarly to couches. That is why a lot of people who are looking for information about bed bug removal NJ first discovered their bed bug bites after spending a lazy afternoon sitting in an overstuffed chair or lounging on the couch.
If your house is bed bug free, do not be so sure that you will never need to find out how to kill bed bugs; it is a lot easier for bed bugs to get into your house than you might think that it would be, and once you discover them, it can easily turn into a full-blown bed bug infestation if you do not act quickly in order to get rid of the pests. If you or someone who has visited your house has recently stayed in a hotel, then your house is at risk of getting infested by bed bugs. Think about the shape and design of a mattress, a couch cushion, and a suitcase, the three favorite dwelling places of the bed bug. All of these things are shaped and structured similarly, with the difference being that an empty suitcase is hollow on the inside. Bed bugs can just as easily make their homes near the seams of a suitcase as they can on a mattress or couch cushion. Not only this, but because simple exposure to the elements is not how to kill bed bugs, as they are very hardy little creatures, it is very easy for a group of bed bugs to find its way from the seams of a hotel mattress to the seams of your suitcase, and right into your bedroom or living room. You are especially putting your travel luggage at risk of being infested by bed bugs if you leave the suitcase on the bed for long periods of time when you are not in the hotel room. Even if you do not leave your suitcase on the mattress, the bed bugs in the hotel room can still travel a sufficient distance to get from the mattress to the suitcase. If the hotel room has a suitcase rack, there might even be a few bed bugs living at the edge of the soft fabric belts on the suitcase rack, near the wooden frame; that part of the suitcase rack is similar enough to the corner of a mattress for bed bugs to consider it a suitable living environment.
All of the habitats of bed bugs mentioned in the previous paragraph have in common that they are soft, but fabric is not the only place where bed bugs can live. They can live in cracks in almost anything. Wooden fixtures in your house, such as mirror frames, picture frames, and bed posts, as long as they have small cracks in them or if their design contains crevices, are also a hospitable environment in which bed bugs can thrive. They can even live right near the walls of your bedroom or living room; baseboards and electrical outlet plates also provide a suitable environment for bed bugs.
The diet of a bed bug consists of only one food, namely the blood of humans and sometimes other warm blooded species. Bed bugs get their nourishment from inflicting a small bite on a person’s skin and sucking out a small amount of blood, a little bit similarly to how fleas and mosquitoes feed. Bed bugs tend to be the most active at night, so they are more likely to bite you while you are asleep in bed. At first, the bite is painless, so most of the time you will not even notice that you have been bitten by bed bugs until the next morning. It is not terribly uncommon to wake up after what seemed to be a perfectly good night’s sleep and to find out that you are now covered in bed bug bites.
The idea of a creature that feeds only on human blood is quite a scary thought indeed, but any given bed bug can only drink so much blood, and there are two reasons for this. The first reason is that bed bugs are very small; an adult bed bug is not much bigger than an apple seed. The second reason is that, much like snakes and crocodiles, bed bugs can go for very long periods of time without eating. When the weather is cool, any given bed bug only needs to bite about once per year, but they need food more often than that when the weather is warmer. All this is to say that, just as simply checking your suitcase in the luggage area of the plane is not how to get rid of bed bugs, you also cannot get rid of them just by staying away from your bed and mattress for a few days and hope that the bed bugs will either starve or at least get hungry enough that they decide to hop to the neighbor’s house in search of their next meal. Contests of patience and endurance are also not how to kill bed bugs.
Bed Bug Exterminator NJ – How Bed Bug Infestations Happen
If you discover that bed bugs have gotten into your house, the first thing to think about is how to get rid of bed bugs; trying to pinpoint the exact moment in which the first bed bug got into your house is bound to be an exercise in futility, because you can get bed bugs from almost anywhere. There is a good chance that the bed bugs entered on someone’s suitcase, backpack, briefcase, or purse, because all of these things are bed bug friendly habitats, but it is also possible that the bed bugs could have gotten into your house on someone’s clothing or shoes, whether the clothing or shoes belong to someone who lives in the house or someone who visited it. The route of bed bug infestations also does not only include houses and hotels, although these are some favorite hangouts of bed bugs. Bed bugs can live anywhere that has baseboards, backpacks, chairs, or any of the numerous surfaces on which bedbugs like to make their homes. That means that, if you are currently researching how to kill bed bugs, there is a very good chance that the bed bugs could have come into your house from an office, movie theater, rental car, bus, train, or anything else that has cushions or corners. One place in which bed bugs do not show much interest is kitchens, since the only kind of food that interests them is your blood. The important thing is not where the bed bugs came from, since it is difficult if not impossible to narrow down the possibilities; the important thing is how to get rid of bed bugs, and if you see bed bugs or discover that you have one or more bed bug bites, the time to act is now. The longer you wait, the more difficult it will be to get rid of the infestation.
Bed Bug Removal NJ: Where to Look for Bed Bugs in Your House
Just because you have only a few bed bug bites, it does not mean that your house has only a few bed bugs. If you see bed bugs on your mattress, that is probably only one of very many places in your house where the bed bugs have managed to find a hiding place. Once you start looking for bed bugs, you need to look for them everywhere. Just getting rid of the bed bugs that are in the most obvious places will not get to the root of the problem or solve it entirely. If you find that there are bed bugs in your bed, do not confine your search to the mattress and the sheets. You might find additional bed bugs near the seams of the box spring and the crevices and corners of the bed frame. You might even find them hiding in the head board, foot board, bedposts, and night stand, or even in the crevices of the night stand lap or its electrical cord. A bed bug infestation in the bedroom also does not necessarily need to be limited to the bed. In addition to the bed bugs hiding in the previously mentioned parts of the bed and its accessories, there might also be bed bugs hiding in the bedroom carpet or in the closet of any of its contents, including the slats and hinges of the closet doors, the clothing rods in the closet, its shelves and storage boxes, the cracks and angles of wooden clothes hangers, or even in the clothes themselves. It also warrants mention that the more clutter you have in your closet, the easier it is for bed bugs to find places to hide. Items that tend to stay in storage in closets for long periods of time, such as tool boxes and leather bags full of golf clubs, are also a particularly desirable environment for bed bugs, because it means that the bed bugs can stay there for very long periods of time with almost no risk that anything will disturb them.
Trying to find all the places where the bed bug infestation has spread is a big project, but there are a few encouraging things to keep in mind as you seek out how to get rid of bed bugs. The first piece of encouragement is that, since bed bugs are very small, and since they cannot fly, the infestation does not spread all that quickly. If you set about to find all the bed bugs in your house as soon as you notice that you have gotten a few bed bug bites, you will still have to turn your bedroom inside out in order to make sure that you have found all of the offending insects, but there is a significant chance that you will find out that the bed bug infestation is still localized to your bed. The other encouraging piece of news is that there is no relationship between how clean your house is and whether you have bed bugs. This is a double-edged sword, of course, because it means that how to get rid of bed bugs is not simply a matter of keeping your house tidy. Many other types of insects, such as ants and roaches, are attracted by crumbs of bread, sugar residue, and other particles, which means that just keeping your house, especially your kitchen, tidy and neat can deter them. By contrast, the only food that draws the attention of bed bugs is your blood, and to a bed bug, the blood of a neat freak tastes just as good as the blood of a person with a messy kitchen. If your house is neat and presentable looking but you are still finding yourself researching how to kill bed bugs, you can first congratulate yourself on your housekeeping skills and then realize that neatness alone is not enough to get rid of bed bugs or to prevent them from entering your house.
The Anatomy of a Bed Bug Bite
Bed bugs are far from being the only kind of insect that bites and draws out blood from its victim, leaving a noticeable bite mark that eventually becomes inflated because of compounds that occur naturally in the saliva of the insect or because of microscopic organisms that are present at the site of the bed bug bites. A bed bug has a long snout that is shaped like a beak; it is similar to the snouts of other biting insects, such as mosquitoes and fleas. Unlike a mosquito bite, which lasts just a few seconds, or an ant bite, which is actually not a bite at all and is inflicted by a stinger located on the abdomen of the ant, bed bug bites are a comparatively slow process. The bed bug pierces the victim’s skin with its snout and latches on, allowing the blood to flow slowly into the mouth of the bed bug. Most of the time, the bed bug stays attached for anywhere from three to ten minutes, which allows it to drink enough blood that it will not need to feed again for another several months, or perhaps even for a whole year if the temperature is cool enough. The bite does not hurt at first, so even if a bed bug bites you when you are awake, you may not even notice that the bed bug is biting you. Most of the time, though, bed bugs, true to their name, bite people while the people are asleep. The painless nature of bed bug bites, combined with the propensity of bed bugs to bite people who are asleep in bed, makes it easy for the bed bug to keep biting for a long time, until it is full. After a few minutes, the bed bug disengages from the victim’s skin and crawls away, back to a deep crevice near the seam of the mattress, or wherever the bed bug had been hiding before it decided to have the only meal it would need for a long time. If you are not sure, hire a pest control company for bed bug removal NJ to help you.
A new bed bug bite usually looks like a small, slightly raised dot that has a redder color than the surrounding area on the skin. Over the course of the few hours or days after the bed bug bite is inflicted, the lesion gradually become larger, redder, and more raised, and it starts to itch. Bed bug bites do not itch as badly as mosquito bites do, but they still itch enough for it to be an annoyance. Bed bug bites look more similar to flea bites than they do to any other kind of insect bite, but it is usually quite easy to tell the difference between a flea bite and one that was caused by a bed bug because of a key difference in the location of the bite. When fleas bite humans, most of the time the bites are located on the person’s ankles, since that is about as high on a person’s body as a flea can jump. By contrast, bed bugs tend to bite sleeping people who are lying in bed. The bed bug has plenty of time to crawl, at its leisure, to anywhere on the person’s body that it has room to bite. Bed bugs do not have a long enough snout to allow them to bite through clothing. This means that they are most likely to bite areas of the body that are not covered by pajamas, such as a person’s arms and legs. Location of the body is not the only difference between flea bites and bed bug bites; a flea bite has a noticeably rec spot in the center of the lesion. Bed bug bites, by contrast, do not; they tend to be more uniform in color.
Bed Bug Treatment NJ: Where Do Bed Bugs Bite?
As the saying goes, and as the name by which the insect is commonly known suggests, bed bugs usually bite you when you are in bed. They can bite you anywhere on your body that is not covered by clothing, which means that in the winter, they are likely only to bite you on your face and neck or lower arms or lower legs. In the summer, the time when bed bugs are more active anyway, they could also bite you on the shoulders, chest, or back. Bed bug bites do not start to hurt immediately, but by one to two days after the bed bug has finished its meal, the bite will start to itch and swell. How swollen the bite gets varies a lot from one bed bug bite to another. As with any kind of insect bite, avoiding scratching bed bug bites will help them heal more quickly.
Bed Bug Bite Reactions Vary a Lot from One Case to Another
No two bed bug bites are alike. Some bites become very itchy, painful, and swollen, and some you do not feel at all. In fact, it is very possible that you have gotten one or more bed bug bites in the past, but they healed and went away completely without you ever even noticing that you had been bitten. There is also great variation in how long it takes bed bug bites to appear after the bed bug separates itself from its victim’s skin. Most of the time, noticeable lesions appear within two days of the bite occurring, but the time until a visible bump appears can be as short as just a few hours, and it can even be as long as two weeks.
What Do Bed Bug Bites Look Like on Skin?
Bed Bug Removal NJ: What Do Bed Bug Bites Look Like on Pets?
Bed bug bites on cats and dogs look very similar to flea bites. Often the only way to tell that your pet has been bitten by a bed bug instead of a flea is to know that your house already has bed bugs.
Signs of a Bed Bug Infestation
Bed bug bites are usually the first noticeable sign of a bed bug infestation in your house. You might also notice some of these other signs:
- Small, unexplained bloodstains on your sheets
- Bed bug droppings on your bed sheets or carpet (they look similar to “flea dirt,” the droppings of fleas)
- The egg shells or shed skins of bed bugs near the seams of your mattress or in other places where bed bugs are fond of hiding
Once you see signs of bed bugs in one area, it is time to get serious about how to get rid of bed bugs. Look for them in all the places where bed bugs might hide. If it is difficult for you to inspect these places carefully enough to find all the bed bugs, you should call a bed bug exterminator NJ to help you exterminate the bed bugs.
Bed Bug Removal NJ: What to Do If You Have a Bed Bug Infestation
If you find bed bugs in your house, or if you have bed bug bites and suspect that the bed bugs themselves are not far away, the course of action is to call pest control in New Jersey or Do-It-Yourself. In completing eradicating a bed bug infestation, if you find it hard to do it yourself, hire a professional bed bug exterminator NJ that knows all about how to kill bed bugs.
Bed Bug Removal NJ: Steps in Preparing Your Home for Bed Bug Treatment
The best thing you can do to ensure the success of professional pest control treatment to get rid of bed bugs is to prepare your home as well as possible before the exterminators arrive. These are the steps:
1.) Wash or dry clean all clothing, bed clothes, and towels, no matter where in the house you normally keep them. Wash them in the hottest water that they will possibly tolerate. This means even washing the winter coats and guest bedding that you usually keep in storage. Once you have washed them, seal them in airtight plastic bags.
2.) Empty all closets, chests of drawer, and bookshelves that are vulnerable to bed bugs.
3.) Unplug all electronic devices in rooms that are vulnerable to bed bugs.
4.) Steam clean floors, carpets, rugs, and upholstered furniture.
5.) Cover fish tanks with plastic wrap, and turn off aquarium pumps.
6.) Remove all furniture away from walls. Vacuum the perimeters of all the rooms.
7.) Dispose of furniture and personal items that have lots of bed bugs.
8.) Leave the house, taking pets with you, before the bed bug treatment begins. Stay away from the house until at least five hours after the treatment has finished.
Bed Bug Removal NJ: What to Do After Bed Bug Treatment
1.) Open the windows, and keep them open for at least a day
2.) Let furniture and mattresses dry before sitting on them.
3.) Vacuum the house thoroughly. Dispose of vacuum bags promptly.
4.) Wipe off all furniture and surfaces to remove the residue from bed bug treatment chemicals. Wear gloves, long-sleeved shirts, and long pants.
How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs
Home treatment products such as Bed Lam Plus, Zenprox, and Temprid are available. You must wear protective gear, including goggles and gloves, when using these products. Before using them, be sure to read their instructions and safety warnings thoroughly.
To prevent infestations, it is a good idea to cover your mattress with Protect-A-Bed.
Other Costly Ways to Get Rid of Bed Bugs
- Heat Treatment – This treatment involves pest control professionals applying heat of greater than 1117 degrees Fahrenheit to your mattress, baseboards, and other bed bug vulnerable areas of your house.
- Freeze Treatment – This treatment, also done by professionals, applies carbon dioxide snow to mattresses and other parts of your house where bed bugs are likely to hide.
- Steam Treatment – This treatment applies steam to the mattress, box spring, and bedding, in order to kill bed bugs. It does not cause damage to the bedding.
What to Do When Traveling
Use a flashlight to check bus seats and train seats for bed bugs.
Before booking a hotel, research its reviews to see if other guests have noticed bed bugs there.
Cover your suitcase in a plastic luggage encasement. Even with the encasement, the safest place to keep your suitcase is in the dry bath tub.
What to Do When You Get Home from Traveling
Inspect your luggage for bed bugs.
Wash everything you brought with you in the hottest water it will tolerate.
If you find bed bugs, discard your suitcase and its contents.
Common Questions & Answer About Bed Bug Removal NJ:
How Long Does It Take to Get Rid of Bed Bugs?
If you use a professional exterminator, it takes between three and six weeks.
Are Bed Bugs Contagious?
Bed bugs are not spread directly between people. They are spread through luggage, clothing, and furniture.
Do Bed Bugs Carry Any Diseases?
Bed bugs are not known to transmit diseases the humans; they just cause annoying bed bug bites.
Are Bed Bug Bites Dangerous to Your Health?
No; they just cause itchy bites. They do not carry diseases like the mosquito borne diseases West Nile virus and malaria.
Are Bed Bugs Nocturnal?
Yes; they usually feed at night.
Will Drying Your Clothes on High Heat Get Rid of Bed Bugs?
It will kill the bed bugs that are on those articles of clothing. It will not get rid of the infestation, though, because there are still other bed bugs in the house.